With the establishment of the World Trade
Organisation in 1995 and implementation of
Agreement on sanitary and Phyto-sanitary (SPS)
measures, countries all over the world started
enforcing stricter measures to protect health and
safety of their consumers by introducing regulatory
import controls, especially in the food sector.
Introduction of regulatory import controls has
been causing problems to the Indian exporters in
terms of multiple inspection, rejections and recall/
destruction of consignments not conforming to
their requirements. This has made the role of Export
Inspection Council (EIC) and Export Inspection
Agencies (EIAs) more relevant in the context of
India’s efforts to set ambitious export targets and
to achieve them.